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Title Richard Howley Document Set
Date 1779, July 20
Description 1Item-two leaf pamphlet with manuscript
People Howly, Richard, 1740-1790
Search Terms United States History Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775

Governors

Georgia

Militia

American Revolution
Scope & Content Richard Howley document set. 1Item-two leaf pamphlet with manuscript

The manuscript reads as follows:

"As I cannot probably have the pleasure of waiting on your Excellency previous to my departure from town, Permit me, to use the freedom of further urging, the necefsity which calls for an immediate exertion, to Rescue Georgia out of the hands of the Enemy: and the practicability of drawing Such a proposition into Execution.

The perfect reliance, I have, that Every argument used on this occasion, will not ony be considered with proper weight, but also interpreted by your Excellency's good sense and candour, as submitted, with an entire deference to your approbation or disapprobation: renders it unnecefsary for me to have recourse to apologies,-to proceed then

The Soul and Support of the Enemys hopes, at [illegible] sent Rest on the accidental pofsefsion they have of the most fertile part of Georgia, which lies to the Southward of Savannah; it is a granary of all kinds of provisions, many gentlemen of character, who were on a [illegible] Succefsful Expedition there, reprefent, that they could scarcely discern whether there was any diminution of its flourishing and plentiful appearance in December last-It is Evident then that the Enemy [illegible] these [illegible] for after purposes in the States, or as Some persons of veracity who Still live there, Report, for Supplying on due Season the castle of St. Augustine or Pensacola-they are the Servants of Succefs and a fortunate or unfortunate cast of a dye will give a decisive turn to the principles of British Soldiers.

A Variety of instances might be urged to Demonstrate that the councils of the Enemy are weak. They found their hopes on the panick which they presume their Bayonets occasion-This circumstance acts alternately on them by an elevation of pride or lownefs of dejection: The latter I am confident is their Situation at present-With, and from the different accounts they had of an invasion from the western part of Georgia aganst the Southern, they were not in force to preven Col. Baker with one hundred and eighty men from ranging through them [illegible] and had he double that number, the towns of Savannah and Sunbury would have been Reduced, and the Enemy then on the islands of this State drawn into the Sad Extremety of want; or had they Embarked for Georgia even then their attainment of provisions would be hazardous and difficult and the back country militia's arrvial might even have rendered it doubtful to a high degree-but it is not yet too late-and indeed cutting off their free accefs to the Southward of Georgia, will be in a manner depriving them of their Existince for their daily bread is now derived from thence

Give me leave then humbly to observe that the safety of Georgia and indeed of this State will entirely depend on your Excellency's maneuvers at the present Juncture, the Speedy Reduction of the troops in Georgia will be [illegible] of Supporting the Wants of the State, and the [illegible] army on future occasions these are objects Sir of very great importance when considered in a publick Sense, and if I understand human nature a right, do believe your are not unsusceptible of the great satisfaction which the good man feels when he contributes to the happinefs of the many hundreds or thousands which constitute the Publick-The British force in Georgia is now thought to amount to between Six or Seven hundred men, and on a computation tolerable certain it is presumed there may be four hundred or thereabouts able to take the field, General [illegible] commands them-under Such circumstances, I beseech you to consider what may be done-this however is certain that a Removal of a considerable quantity of property is Soon intended by the Enemy to [illegible] and I take the liberty of averring from the opinion of Some officers of Georgia, in high Estimation with the Whig interest of that State that your Excellency form some prosperous operations But from Some new circumstances, I am fully inclined to think it will be necefsary you should personally command-to your standard all the militia of that country will cheerfully gather, and under your command they will fight, no animosities or prejudices will [illegible] with your operations-the afsembly will be able to Sit and restore the laws whilst you are consulting its Safety and aggrandizing your name.

I am Very respectfully Sir,

Your Excellency's faithful Obedient Servant.

Rich. Howly

July 20th 1779

from 3 to 500 as many be thought [illegible] to march round by Agechee River, these men may always have a Safe retreat when circumstances require it-the inhabitants who for merely resided there under a proper officer to be approved by [illegible] Excellency would cheerfully perform this Service and cut off the Enemies provision-a competent Body under your Excelleny's direction to march the Western way to Savannah -nor need they be much in force 150 or 200 horse will always keep an open communication between the Southern [illegible] bodies-but there is Sufficient room without that-in case the Enemy at Beaufor should be ordered to Georgia your Excellency knows full well to direct-if they should, its will be a confirmed proof of their weknefs-indeed their affecting to maintain a post at Beaufort is not unlike a merchant who is on the point of bankruptcy sets up a coach to preserve a remnant of reputaion-

Major General Lincoln"


Richard Howley, a lawyer, was born in Liberty county, Georgia, about 1740, and died about 1790. He received a liberal education, was admitted to the bar, and attained eminence in his profession, he represented his native county in the legislature, and was elected governor of Georgia, 4 January, 1780. When the state was overrun by the British, a council was held near Augusta, at which Governor Howley, his secretary of state, and several Continental officers were present. After the consideration of various plans, they determined to retreat to North Carolina, , and narrowly escaped capture on the way. During Governor Howley's brief term of office the value of paper money became so depreciated that he is said to have dealt it out by the quire for a night's lodging, and, if the fare was better than ordinary, the landlord received two quires, the governor gravely signing a draft, upon the treasurer, made out in due form, for their delivery. In 1780-'1 Governor Howley was a delegate from Georgia to the Continental congress. In the latter year, some apprehensions being entertained that it was the design of that body to give up Georgia to Great Britain, the delegation from that state protested against such a step and published their remonstrance (Philadelphia, 1781).

The document set does not include an engraving.