|Title||David Thompson letter to Anthony Barclay; Falls of St. Maries|
|Date||June 2, 1824|
|Description||1 letter; 2 pages|
Thompson, David, 1770-1857
International Boundary Commission
Treaty of Ghent
|Scope & Content||
June 2nd Falls of St. Maries
After a tedious passage, and suffering
much bad weather and strong head winds, we ar-
rived here late last night. this day we have got
every thing ready, and please god leave this
place early the morrow morning for Fort William.
On the 14 May, it snowed so hard, as to
lay 5 inches on the ground. Mr. Ferguson
and party left this? only on May 31st his canoes
in bad cides? from rough usage; so that with
eleven men to our ten men he has not gained
much, the weather has been equally unfavorable
The vessel under the command of Lieut
Bayfield has not yet made its appearance
here, and therefore we must defer Isle Caribou
to the next season, when, by being duly in-
formed, he can be here about the 1 June to
embark us for that place.
The provisions to be forwarded for
us, from Niagara have not yet arrived.
and we cannot wait them as we do not know
when they will arrive. We have pork enough
to last us to the 1st September, but are very short
of vegetable food, from the greatest part
of the biscuit sent last year being all spoilt
in the packing &c &c. We have bought corn
of the Hudson's Bay Company; the American
vessels as yet having brought no supply.
The waters in all these great lakes, and
in all the rivers are uncommonly high, and
with the frequent haloes round the sun be-
token a rough cold season, it has froze al-
most every morning, and every day a gale
of wind. If the season does not change for
the better we shall not be able to do as much as
we expected, but shall certainly improve
Your most obedient
and humble servant
Anthony Barclay Esqr.
This compiled collection includes papers from Thomas Barclay (1753-1830), his son, Anthony Barclay (1792-1877), John Ogilvy (d. 1819), Ward Chipman (1754-1824), Ward Chipman, [Jr.] (1787-1851), David Thompson (1770-1857), Alexander Wadsworth Longfellow (1814-1901) and others related to the determination of the boundary between Canada and the United States. Materials include government documents, correspondence, maps, surveys, diaries and Indian deeds related to the determination of the boundary between Canada and the United States, particularly of the years of the St. Croix Commission, 1796-1812, the Commissions appointed after the Treaty of Ghent, 1814-1838, and the Commissions under the Treaty of Washington, 1842. Papers of diplomats appointed by the British and American governments include the correspondence of explorers who surveyed the boundary zones and of several other diplomats, political officers and aids who became involved in the arbitration of the border. The explorations around the Island of St. Croix by Robert Pagan and Native American Francis Joseph Neptune, and a map by Chief Wasp of the Ojibway tribe in the vicinity of Ontario and Minnesota are noteworthy.