|Title||William Heath document set|
|Date||1781 September 1 [letter]; n.d. [engraving].|
|Description||1 item - 3 leaf pamphlet with letter.|
Heath, William, 1737-1814
Lincoln, Benjamin, 1733-1810
|Scope & Content||
William Heath document set. 1 item - 3 leaf pamphlet with letter.
A.L.S., 1781, September 1, Perhiskill [NY?], to Maj. General Lincoln, Headquaters; letter praising its bearer, Doctor Evans, a minister.
William Heath, 1737-1814; soldier, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 7 March, 1737; died there, 24 January, 1814. He was brought up on the same farm on which his ancestor settled in 1636. He was active in organizing the militia before the Revolution, was a captain in the Suffolk regiment, of which he afterward became colonel, joined the artillery company of Boston, and was chosen its commander in 1770, in which year he wrote a series of essays in a Boston newspaper on the importance of military discipline and skill in the use of arms over the signature "A Military Countryman." He was a representative in the general assembly in 1761, and again in 1771-'4, a member of the committees of correspondence and safety, and of the Provincial congress in 1774-'5.
He was appointed a provincial brigadier-general on 8 December, 1774, performed valuable services in the pursuit of the British troops from Concord on 19 April, 1775, organized and trained the undisciplined forces at Cambridge before the battle of Bunker Hill, was made a major-general of provincial troops on 20 June, 1775, and upon the organization of the Continental army was, on 22 June, commissioned as a brigadier-general, and stationed with his command at Roxbury. On 9 August, 1776, he was made a major-general in the Continental army. In March, 1776, he was ordered to New York, and opposed the evacuation of the city. After the battle of White Plains he took command of the posts in the Highlands.
In 1777 he was assigned to the command of the eastern department, embracing Boston and its vicinity, and had charge of the prisoners of Burgoyne's army at Cambridge. In June, 1779, he was ordered to the command of the posts on the Hudson, with four regiments, and remained in that vicinity till the close of the war, going to Rhode Island for a short period on the arrival of the French forces in July, 1780. He returned to his farm after the war, was a member of the convention that ratified the Federal constitution, a state senator in 1791-'2, probate judge of Norfolk county in 1793, and was elected lieutenant-governor in 1800, but declined the office, he was the last surviving major-general of the Revolutionary army, and published "Memoirs of Major-General William Heath, containing Anecdotes, Details of Skirmishes, Battles, etc., during the American War" (Boston, 1798).
Benjamin Lincoln, (1733-1810). Born January 24, 1733. General in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War; Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, 1788-89; received one electoral vote, 1789. Died May 9, 1810. Interment at Old Ship Cemetery, Hingham, Mass. Lincoln counties in Ga., Ky., Mo., N.C. and Tenn. are named for him.
|Admin/Biographical History||John S. H. Fogg, compiler of this collection, born in Eliot, Maine. Graduated from Bowdoin College in 1846, earned a degree in medicine from Harvard College in 1850 and established his practice in South Boston, Massachusetts. While a student at Bowdoin, Dr. Fogg developed a lifelong interest in collecting autograph letters and documents, particularly those relating to the history of the United States. Paralyzed and confined to a wheelchair in 1873, Fogg gave undivided attention to building his magnificent collection. Beginning in 1875, he had completed the task by 1881.|