|Title||Mordecai Gist document set|
|Date||1779 [illegible] 23 [letter]; n.d. [engraving].|
|Description||1 item - 3 leaf pamphlet with letter.|
Gist, Mordecai, 1742-1792
Kalb, Johann, 1721-1780
Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
|Scope & Content||
Mordecai Gist document set. 1 item - 3 leaf pamphlet with letter.
From Camp Butter Milk Falls, to the Baron de Kalb; referring to the drunken disorderly behavior of one man in the brigade.
Mordecai Gist, 1742-1792; soldier, born in Baltimore, Maryland; died in Charleston, South Carolina. His ancestors were early English emigrants to Maryland. He was educated for commercial pursuits. At the beginning of the Revolution the young men of Baltimore associated under the title of the "Baltimore independent company," and elected Gist captain. It was the first company raised in Maryland for the defense of popular liberty. In 1776 Gist was appointed major of a battal-regulars, and was with them in the battle near Brooklyn. In January, 1779, congress appointed him a brigadier-general in the continental army, and he took the command of the 2d Maryland brigade. He fought stubbornly at, the battle of Camden, South Carolina, in 1780, and at one time after a bayonet charge his force secured fifty prisoners, but the British under Cornwallis rallied and the Marylanders gave way. Gist escaped, and a year later was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. He joined the southern army under Greene, and again when the army was remodelled in 1782 he was given the command of the light corps. On 26 August, 1782, he rallied the broken forces of the Americans under Laurens at, the battle of the Combahee, and gained a decisive victory over the British. After the war he resided on his plantation near Charleston, South Carolina General Gist possessed a tall and graceful figure, symmetrical proportions, great strength, and expressive features. He had but two children, sons, one of whom he named "Independent " and the other "States."
Johann Kalb, 1721-1780, American general in the Revolution, known generally as Baron de Kalb, b. Hüttendorf, Germany. He assumed his title for military reasons and as Jean de Kalb served France in the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years War. He again served France in 1768 as a secret agent in the English colonies in America. Silas Deane offered (1776) commissions to Kalb, Lafayette, and other European soldiers of fortune, which the Continental Congress at first refused to honor. Finally Kalb was made general and was with Washington at Valley Forge. In 1780 he was made second in command to Horatio Gates in the Carolina campaign , and he died (Aug. 19, 1780) from wounds received in the battle of Camden.
|Admin/Biographical History||John S. H. Fogg, compiler of this collection, born in Eliot, Maine. Graduated from Bowdoin College in 1846, earned a degree in medicine from Harvard College in 1850 and established his practice in South Boston, Massachusetts. While a student at Bowdoin, Dr. Fogg developed a lifelong interest in collecting autograph letters and documents, particularly those relating to the history of the United States. Paralyzed and confined to a wheelchair in 1873, Fogg gave undivided attention to building his magnificent collection. Beginning in 1875, he had completed the task by 1881.|